What is the Legal Inclusion Mapping?

The Legal Inclusion Mapping Method is an extensive country-specific and action-oriented two-part program:

  • The Legal Inclusion Mapping a) categorizes a country based on the extent of its legal inclusion/exclusion and b) identifies the country’s marginalized groups as well as the needs for their legal empowerment, pointing to solutions.
  • The Comprehensive Legal Empowerment Plan to Achieve Legal Inclusion (Legal Empowerment Plan). It is a solution-based program, involving all stakeholders, that takes the results of the Mapping’s analysis to implement sustainable and inclusive solutions to meet the marginalized groups’ legal needs.

The Mapping can be seen as an audit into the state of legal inclusion of a country. The Mapping Method makes use of three sets of legal inclusion indicators to assess the ability to contribute to legal inclusion of the three actors in legal interactions, reflecting the three sub-goals of Global Goal 16:

  1. The People: refers to individuals, groups, legal personalities, businesses, which need to be aware of their rights and arrange their basic legal needs to be legally included
  2. The State: refers to the public servants, the Judiciary, institutions, political organs, which need to be effective and accountable to provide for legal inclusion
  3. Legal Services: refers to services provided by lawyers, paralegals, mediators, which play an essential role for legally inclusive interactions and access to rights for all

How Does the Legal Inclusion Mapping Work?

The situation of vulnerability of the marginalized groups is mapped as well as their legal issues and capacities to solve them. The mapping automatically points out a Plan for Legal Empowerment to achieve Legal Inclusion for All. The table below shows how this mapping method provides an implementation plan for Global Goal 16 in its totality and a progress monitoring framework. 


Country Mapping on basis of legal inclusion indicators

 Mapping legal inclusion situation of Excluded Groups in Country per group

Global Goal 16



Excluded group

Peaceful and Inclusive Societies for Sustainable Development


Legal and Institutional Framework

Legal and institutional framework applied to excluded group

Effective, accountable and inclusive institutions on all levels

Legal Services

Legal Services

Legal services available to excluded group

Access to Justice for All



Legal Inclusion Categorization of the Country

Comprehensive Legal Empowerment Plan to achieve Legal Inclusion for All

Implementation Tool & Progress Monitoring Framework for Global Goal 16


The results of the Mapping give rise to a precise implementation plan and Progress Monitoring Framework on Global Goal 16 which is defined in the Comprehensive Legal Empowerment Plan together with the stakeholders:

  • Implementation Plan establishing targets and a timeline: a) precise modifications and innovative tools for the legal-administrative and institutional framework; b) innovative standardized, scaled-up legal service provision for the various target groups.
  • Monitoring & Measuring Progress through: a) the proposed modifications & activities, and b) though periodical update mappings vis-à-vis the baseline established in the mapping (until 2030)

The Mapping Research Method

The Mapping uses mixed methods of research designed by legal empowerment and social research experts. It is based on both desk study and field research, and analyzes the obtained information from both a social science and a legal perspective.

1) Desk research (literature review and data analysis)

  • Target groups (excluded/marginalized groups)
  • Legal-administrative system
  • International best practices

2) Field-work

a) Excluded groups:

  • Individual consultations
  • Focus groups

b) Meetings with social & development organizations, academics, business etc. that work with and are aware of the issues of target groups

c) Meetings with legal experts, academics and relevant institutions

3) Database:

  1. General information on the Legal Inclusion Indicators
  2. Mapping on the excluded groups, their socioeconomic situation, legal issues, and the legal-institutional framework to solve them
  3. Sources of reference and partner organizations
  4. Comprehensive Legal Empowerment Plan
  5. A virtual toolbox, communities of practice, SM channels, online advocacy and a Mapping-App

The Legal Inclusion Mapping per country has as ultimate objective the formulation of, fundraising for, and implementation of the Comprehensive Legal Empowerment Plan. Thus, the results of the mapping of the excluded groups in a country allow for the formulation of institutional solutions and legal empowerment plans.

Its conclusions include:

  • The categorization of country’s level of inclusion/exclusion A description of the legally marginalized groups of the country and an analysis on their legal needs
  • A solution-based outlook on how these legal needs can be solved through the national system
  • Options and recommendations for the inclusion of marginalized groups into their country’s system
  • A baseline for the progress monitoring framework of the country

The Legal Inclusion Mapping Method was developed the legal empowerment professionals, research experts and local networks of Microjustice4all. MJ4All’s partnerships are developed with relevant organizations and institutions both internationally and in the Mapping countries. While all mappings are conducted locally, they are centrally coordinated from the Hague. This approach of simultaneous mapping in various countries allows for cost-efficient operations, improved consistency, mutual learning, and innovation.

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